Publications in the Year: 2003

Journal Article

Kundra, P, Deepak R, Ravishankar M.  2003.  Laryngeal mask insertion in children: a rational approach, 2003/10//. Paediatric Anaesthesia. 13:685-690. AbstractWebsite

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BACKGROUNDVarious techniques of laryngeal mask airway (LMATM) insertion have been described in adults but only limited clinical trials have been conducted in children despite a varying range in success rate by the recommended method.
METHOD
The study was conducted in 62 ASA 1 and 2 children who were randomly allocated for the evaluation of LMA insertion by the midline approach with the cuff completely deflated (group MD, control group

Mathew, PJ, Ravishankar M, Badhe A, Hemavathy B, Mathew JL.  2003.  Comparison of induction and recovery characteristics of intravenous midazolam and thiopentone in paediatric halothane general anaesthesia, 2003/10//. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway: 1992). 92:1211-1213. AbstractWebsite

Fifty children were randomized for induction with 0.3 mg kg(-1) midazolam or 5 mg kg(-1) thiopentone. Efficacy, safety, recovery time, amnesic effect, tolerability and recovery characteristics were compared. Midazolam required longer for induction and recovery from anaesthesia. The safety profile was similar with both drugs. CONCLUSION: Midazolam is efficacious and safe for the induction of anaesthesia in children. Its action is comparable with thiopentone and may be an alternative to it.